born: 1904 Figueras, Spain
died: 1989 Figueras
The Station of perpignan (1965) holds a key position in Dali's oeuvre.
The figures of a farmer and his wife at prayer, flanking the central field,were
taken from the painting Angelus by Jean-Francois Millet. It was a work
that preoccupied Dali continually from the 1920s onwards. Inspired by Sigmund
Freud's psychoanalytical interpretation of Leonardo da Vinci's The Virgin,
Child, and St. Anne, hidden in which Freud discovered the shape of an eagle
he read as a sexual symbol, Dali likewise discovered a covert form in Millet's
Angelus. Based on an X-ray photograph, a geometric shape was detected between
the man and woman which Dali interpreted as the coffin in which the Son
of God lay between his father and mother. The female figure's attitude
may appear devout and humble, but to Dali it represented the pose someone
takes before committing an act of aggression, like the praying mantis before
the act of mating. In his image father and son become a single person,
a victim of mating and fertility. The sacrifice of the son, in the form
of the hovering figure of Christ, is located at the exact center of the
composition. In parallel with Jesus, Dali has depicted himself. On the
vertical axis a direct link is estab- lished with his wife, Gala, standing
below; on the horizontal axis Dali is related to the figures of mother
and father, implying that he represents son, victim, and Christ in one.
In the midst of his vision, Dali appears twice over on the central axis.
He is depicted in a state of falling, a motif that evokes the transition
from waking to sleep, from reality to dream. Port Lligat, where Dali lived,
is suggested by the seascape with ship in the lower half of the picture.
Visible opposite, in the upper half, is a freight car that stands for Perpignan
Station, where the artist spent a great deal of time. He discovered that
the waiting room there had the same shape as the student's room Freud had
depicted in a sketch.. The station became a sacred locale to Dali, and
a rich source of inspiration.
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